actuellement 16532 films recensés, 2789 textes recherche | » english  
films réalisateurs acteurs producteurs distributeurs festivals agenda pays espace personnel  
  critiques»
  dossiers»
  analyses»
  entretiens»
  comptes rendus de festivals»
  reportages»
  documents»
  ateliers»
  Zooms»
  rédacteurs»
  écrans d'afrique»
  Asaru»
  lettre d'info
  inscription»
  desinscription»
  archives »
  liens»
  dépêches »
  nouvelles de
la fédération»
  la fédération»
  contacts»
  partenaires»
  accueil»




 
    
 
filmographie
» tous les textes à propos de cette personne
» les liens autour de cette personne
retour
 

Chomsky Noam
Chercheur/se | Professeur


© Oliver Abraham

 

Un des plus grands intellectuels américains.

Noam Chomsky né le 7 décembre 1928 à Philadelphie, est un linguiste et philosophe américain. Professeur émérite de linguistique au Massachusetts Institute of Technology où il a enseigné toute sa carrière, il a fondé la linguistique générative.
Wikipédia
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noam_Chomsky

Noam Chomsky
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2001


1928-, educator and linguist, b. Philadelphia. Chomsky, who has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955, developed a theory of transformational (sometimes called generative or transformational-generative) grammar that revolutionized the scientific study of language. He first set out his abstract analysis of language in his doctoral dissertation (1955) and Syntactic Structures (1957). Instead of starting with minimal sounds, as the structural linguists had done, Chomsky began with the rudimentary or primitive sentence; from this base he developed his argument that innumerable syntactic combinations can be generated by means of a complex series of rules.

According to transformational grammar, every intelligible sentence conforms not only to grammatical rules peculiar to its particular language, but also to "deep structures," a universal grammar underlying all languages and corresponding to an innate capacity of the human brain. Chomsky and other linguists who built on his work formulated transformational rules, which transform a sentence with a given grammatical structure (e.g., "John saw Mary") into a sentence with a different grammatical structure but the same essential meaning ("Mary was seen by John"). Transformational linguistics has been influential in psycholinguistics, particularly in the study of language acquisition by children. In the 1990s Chomsky formulated a "Minimalist Program" in an attempt to simplify the symbolic representations of the language facility.

Chomsky is a prolific author whose principal linguistic works after Syntactic Structures include Current Issues in Linguistic Theory (1964), The Sound Pattern of English (with Morris Halle, 1968), Language and Mind (1972), Studies on Semantics in Generative Grammar (1972), and Knowledge of Language (1986). In addition, he has wide-ranging political interests. He was an early and outspoken critic of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War and has written extensively on many political issues from a generally left-wing point of view. Among his political writings are American Power and the New Mandarins (1969), Peace in the Middle East? (1974), Some Concepts and Consequences of the Theory of Government and Binding (1982) [this is actually a book on linguistics, not politics -www.chomsky.info], Manufacturing Consent (with E. S. Herman, 1988), Profit over People (1998), and Rogue States (2000). Chomsky's controversial bestseller 9-11 (2002) is an analysis of the World Trade Center attack that, while denouncing the atrocity of the event, traces its origins to the actions and power of the United States, which he calls "a leading terrorist state."

See biography by R. F. Barsky (1997); interviews with D. Barsamian (1992, 1994, 1996, and 2001); studies by F. D'Agostino (1985), C. P. Otero (1988 and 1998), R. Salkie (1990), M. Achbar, ed. (1994), M. Rai (1995), V. J. Cook (1996), P. Wilkin (1997), J. McGilvray (1999), N. V. Smith (1999), A. Edgley (2000), and H. Lasnik (2000); Manufacturing Consent: Noam Chomsky and the Media (film by P. Wintonick and M. Achbar, 1992) and Power and Terror: Noam Chomsky in Our Times (documentary film dir. by J. Junkerman, 2002).

Source:
www.chomsky.info/bios/2001--.htm

haut de page

 

 

 

filmographie

Toute ma vie (en prison) | In Prison (My Whole Life) 2008
Acteur/trice

Article 12 - Waking Up in a Surveillance Society 2010
Acteur/trice

U.S.A. contre John Lennon (Les) 2006
Acteur/trice

CHOMSKY, les medias et les illusions nécessaires (Manufacturing Consent) 1993
Acteur/trice

Agent orange, une bombe à retardement 2013
Acteur/trice

haut de page

 

 

 

texte(s)
tous les textes à propos de Chomsky Noam
   

 



Reportage/festivals
Fin du Festival de Locarno 2010
Les mystères d'Istanbul
Azzedine Mabrouki
publié le 16/08/2010 18:08:59
 

 

texte(s) sur le site Africultures.com



Critique
Toute ma vie en prison : Mumia Abu Jamal
de Marc Evans
Olivier Barlet
publié le 19/11/2011 15:11:12
 

haut de page

 

 

 

lien(s)
autour de cette personne proposé(s) par les internautes

soyez le premier à ajouter un lien sur cet artiste :
   
 
  ajouter un lien
   

haut de page